- Duration: Perennial
- Habit: Shrub
- Size class: 6-12 ft.
- Native Habitat: Thickets, shaded woods, Mesic, mixed woods; bluffs; ravines.
- Bloom time: April-August
- Fruit: Red turning purple or black
- Additional Notes:
- Autumn Foliage
- Sun, partial shade, shade
- Moisture: dry, moist
- pH: Acidic (pH<6.8)
- Water use: Medium
- Drought tolerance: High
- Description: Dry, rocky soils, sandy, sandy loam, med laom, clay loam, acid based.
- Condition comments:
- Suckers profusely to form large loose open colonies
- Susceptible to Viburnum Leaf Beetle
- Beautiful color
- Blooms, fruit, and leaves ornamental
- Accent tree or shrub
- Attract birds, nectar bees, butterflies, and insects, browse fruit-birds
- Conspicuous flowers
- Edible berries (Raw and cooked)
- Deer browse is considered minimal